echo — display a line of text

Examples (TL;DR)


echo [SHORT-OPTION]... [STRING]...


Echo the STRING(s) to standard output.


do not output the trailing newline


enable interpretation of backslash escapes


disable interpretation of backslash escapes (default)


display this help and exit


output version information and exit

If -e is in effect, the following sequences are recognized:




alert (BEL)




produce no further output




form feed


new line


carriage return


horizontal tab


vertical tab


byte with octal value NNN (1 to 3 digits)


byte with hexadecimal value HH (1 to 2 digits)

NOTE: your shell may have its own version of echo, which usually supersedes the version described here.  Please refer to your shell's documentation for details about the options it supports.


Written by Brian Fox and Chet Ramey.

Reporting Bugs

GNU coreutils online help: <>
Report any translation bugs to <>

See Also

Full documentation <>
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) echo invocation'

Referenced By

cpuset(7), dash(1), ebuild(5), foomatic-rip(1), ii(1), ksh93(1), ldapcompare(1), libarchive-formats(5), mailx(1), mksh(1), nawk(1), picocom(1), shtool(1), shtool-echo(1), tcsh(1), xmessage(1), zshoptions(1).

October 2019 GNU coreutils 8.31