1

General Commands

Section 1 of the manual describes user commands and tools, for example, file manipulation tools, shells, compilers, web browsers, file and image viewers and editors, and so on.

Top 10 commands

Command Description Lookups
1 tar an archiving utility
2 cp copy files and directories
3 ls list directory contents
4 curl transfer a URL
5 chmod change file mode bits
6 grep print lines that match patterns
7 mv move (rename) files
8 wget The non-interactive network downloader
9 rsync a fast, versatile, remote (and local) file-copying tool
10 chown change file owner and group

All commands1212

  • Command
  • Description
abicompat
check ABI compatibility
abidiff
compare ABIs of ELF files
abidw
serialize the ABI of an ELF file
abilint
validate an abigail ABI representation
abipkgdiff
compare ABIs of ELF files in software packages
ac
print statistics about users' connect time
addftinfo
add information to troff font files for use with groff
addr2line
convert addresses into file names and line numbers
afmtodit
create font files for use with groff -Tps and -Tpdf
apropos
search the manual page names and descriptions
ar
create, modify, and extract from archives
arch
print machine hardware name (same as uname -m)
aria_chk
Aria table-maintenance utility
aria_dump_log
Dump content of Aria log pages.
aria_ftdump
display full-text index information
aria_pack
generate compressed, read-only Aria tables
aria_read_log
display Aria log file contents
as
the portable GNU assembler.
ascii-xfr
upload/download files using the ASCII protocol
attr
extended attributes on XFS filesystem objects
audit2allow
generate SELinux policy allow/dontaudit rules from logs of denied operations
audit2why
generate SELinux policy allow/dontaudit rules from logs of denied operations
autopoint
copies standard gettext infrastructure
b2sum
compute and check BLAKE2 message digest
base32
base32 encode/decode data and print to standard output
base64
base64 encode/decode data and print to standard output
basename
strip directory and suffix from filenames
basenc
Encode/decode data and print to standard output
bash
GNU Bourne-Again SHell
blkparse
produce formatted output of event streams of block devices
blkrawverify
verifies an output file produced by blkparse
bno_plot
generate interactive 3D plot of IO blocks and sizes
bootctl
Control the firmware and boot manager settings
btt
analyse block i/o traces produces by blktrace
busctl
Introspect the bus
cal
display a calendar
callgrind_annotate
post-processing tool for the Callgrind
callgrind_control
observe and control programs being run by Callgrind
capsh
capability shell wrapper
cat
concatenate files and print on the standard output
certtool
GnuTLS certificate tool
cg_annotate
post-processing tool for Cachegrind
cgcc
Compiler wrapper to run Sparse after compiling
cg_diff
compares two Cachegrind output files
cg_merge
merges multiple Cachegrind output files into one
chacl
change the access control list of a file or directory
chage
change user password expiry information
chattr
change file attributes on a Linux file system
chcon
change file SELinux security context
chem
groff preprocessor for producing chemical structure diagrams
chfn
change your finger information
chgrp
change group ownership
chkhelp
check performance metrics help text files
chmod
change file mode bits
choom
display and adjust OOM-killer score.
chown
change file owner and group
chroot
run command or interactive shell with special root directory
chrt
manipulate the real-time attributes of a process
chsh
change your login shell
chvt
change foreground virtual terminal
cifsiostat
Report CIFS statistics.
cksum
checksum and count the bytes in a file
clear
clear the terminal screen
cmp
compare two files byte by byte
cmtime
RDMA CM connection steps timing test.
col
filter reverse line feeds from input
colcrt
filter nroff output for CRT previewing
collectl2pcp
import collectl data to a PCP archive
colrm
remove columns from a file
column
columnate lists
comm
compare two sorted files line by line
coredumpctl
Retrieve and process saved core dumps and metadata
cp
copy files and directories
cpp
The C Preprocessor
cronnext
time of next job cron will execute
crontab
maintains crontab files for individual users
csplit
split a file into sections determined by context lines
cups
a standards-based, open source printing system
cups-config
get cups api, compiler, directory, and link information.
cupstestppd
test conformance of ppd files
curl
transfer a URL
curl-config
Get information about a libcurl installation
cut
remove sections from each line of files
danetool
GnuTLS DANE tool
dash
command interpreter (shell)
date
print or set the system date and time
dbpmda
debugger for Performance Co-Pilot PMDAs
dbprobe
database response time and availability information
dd
convert and copy a file
deallocvt
deallocate unused virtual consoles
debuginfo-install
redirecting to DNF debuginfo-install Plugin
df
report file system disk space usage
dh
debhelper command sequencer
dh_auto_build
automatically builds a package
dh_auto_clean
automatically cleans up after a build
dh_auto_configure
automatically configure a package prior to building
dh_auto_install
automatically runs make install or similar
dh_auto_test
automatically runs a package's test suites
dh_bugfiles
install bug reporting customization files into package build directories
dh_builddeb
build Debian binary packages
dh_clean
clean up package build directories
dh_compress
compress files and fix symlinks in package build directories
dh_dwz
optimize DWARF debug information in ELF binaries via dwz
dh_fixperms
fix permissions of files in package build directories
dh_gconf
install GConf defaults files and register schemas (deprecated)
dh_gencontrol
generate and install control file
dh_icons
Update caches of Freedesktop icons
dh_install
install files into package build directories
dh_installcatalogs
install and register SGML Catalogs
dh_installchangelogs
install changelogs into package build directories
dh_installcron
install cron scripts into etc/cron.*
dh_installdeb
install files into the DEBIAN directory
dh_installdebconf
install files used by debconf in package build directories
dh_installdirs
create subdirectories in package build directories
dh_installdocs
install documentation into package build directories
dh_installemacsen
register an Emacs add on package
dh_installexamples
install example files into package build directories
dh_installgsettings
install GSettings overrides and set dependencies
dh_installifupdown
install if-up and if-down hooks
dh_installinfo
install info files
dh_installinit
install service init files into package build directories
dh_installinitramfs
install initramfs hooks and setup maintscripts
dh_installlogcheck
install logcheck rulefiles into etc/logcheck/
dh_installlogrotate
install logrotate config files
dh_installman
install man pages into package build directories
dh_installmanpages
old-style man page installer (deprecated)
dh_installmenu
install Debian menu files into package build directories
dh_installmime
install mime files into package build directories
dh_installmodules
register kernel modules
dh_installpam
install pam support files
dh_installppp
install ppp ip-up and ip-down files
dh_installsystemd
install systemd unit files
dh_installsystemduser
install systemd unit files
dh_installudev
install udev rules files
dh_installwm
register a window manager
dh_installxfonts
register X fonts
dh_link
create symlinks in package build directories
dh_lintian
install lintian override files into package build directories
dh_listpackages
list binary packages debhelper will act on
dh_makeshlibs
automatically create shlibs file and call dpkg-gensymbols
dh_md5sums
generate DEBIAN/md5sums file
dh_missing
check for missing files
dh_movefiles
move files out of debian/tmp into subpackages
dh_perl
calculates Perl dependencies and cleans up after MakeMaker
dh_prep
perform cleanups in preparation for building a binary package
dh_shlibdeps
calculate shared library dependencies
dh_strip
strip executables, shared libraries, and some static libraries
dh_systemd_enable
enable/disable systemd unit files
dh_systemd_start
start/stop/restart systemd unit files
dh_testdir
test directory before building Debian package
dh_testroot
ensure that a package is built with necessary level of root permissions
dh_ucf
register configuration files with ucf
dh_update_autotools_config
Update autotools config files
dh_usrlocal
migrate usr/local directories to maintainer scripts
diff
compare files line by line
diff3
compare three files line by line
dir
list directory contents
dircolors
color setup for ls
dirname
strip last component from file name
dmesg
print or control the kernel ring buffer
dnsdomainname
show the system's DNS domain name
domainname
show the system's DNS domain name
dpkg
package manager for Debian
dpkg-architecture
set and determine the architecture for package building
dpkg-buildflags
returns build flags to use during package build
dpkg-buildpackage
build binary or source packages from sources
dpkg-checkbuilddeps
check build dependencies and conflicts
dpkg-deb
Debian package archive (.deb) manipulation tool
dpkg-distaddfile
add entries to debian/files
dpkg-divert
override a package's version of a file
dpkg-genbuildinfo
generate Debian .buildinfo files
dpkg-genchanges
generate Debian .changes files
dpkg-gencontrol
generate Debian control files
dpkg-gensymbols
generate symbols files (shared library dependency information)
dpkg-maintscript-helper
works around known dpkg limitations in maintainer scripts
dpkg-mergechangelogs
3-way merge of debian/changelog files
dpkg-name
rename Debian packages to full package names
dpkg-parsechangelog
parse Debian changelog files
dpkg-query
a tool to query the dpkg database
dpkg-scanpackages
create Packages index files
dpkg-scansources
create Sources index files
dpkg-shlibdeps
generate shared library substvar dependencies
dpkg-source
Debian source package (.dsc) manipulation tool
dpkg-split
Debian package archive split/join tool
dpkg-statoverride
override ownership and mode of files
dpkg-trigger
a package trigger utility
dpkg-vendor
queries information about distribution vendors
dselect
Debian package management frontend
dtrace
Dtrace compatible user application static probe generation tool.
du
estimate file space usage
dumpkeys
dump keyboard translation tables
echo
display a line of text
egrep
print lines that match patterns
eject
eject removable media
elfedit
update ELF header and program property of ELF files
env
run a program in a modified environment
envsubst
substitutes environment variables in shell format strings
eqn
format equations for troff or MathML
eqn2graph
convert an EQN equation into a cropped image
expand
convert tabs to spaces
expect
programmed dialogue with interactive programs, Version 5
expr
evaluate expressions
factor
factor numbers
fallocate
preallocate or deallocate space to a file
false
do nothing, unsuccessfully
fgconsole
print the number of the active VT.
fgrep
print lines that match patterns
file
determine file type
fincore
count pages of file contents in core
find
search for files in a directory hierarchy
firecfg
Desktop integration utility for Firejail software.
firejail
Linux namespaces sandbox program
firemon
Monitoring program for processes started in a Firejail sandbox.
flock
manage locks from shell scripts
fmt
simple optimal text formatter
fold
wrap each input line to fit in specified width
free
Display amount of free and used memory in the system
fuse2fs
FUSE file system client for ext2/ext3/ext4 file systems
fuser
identify processes using files or sockets
fusermount3
mount and unmount FUSE filesystems
g++
GNU project C and C++ compiler
galera_new_cluster
starting a new Galera cluster
galera_recovery
recover from non-graceful shutdown
ganglia2pcp
import ganglia data and create a PCP archive
gawk
pattern scanning and processing language
gcc
GNU project C and C++ compiler
gcore
Generate a core file of a running program
gcov
coverage testing tool
gcov-dump
offline gcda and gcno profile dump tool
gcov-tool
offline gcda profile processing tool
gdb
The GNU Debugger
gdb-add-index
Add index files to speed up GDB
gdbserver
Remote Server for the GNU Debugger
gdiffmk
genpmda
Performance Co-Pilot PMDA Generator
getent
get entries from Name Service Switch libraries
getfacl
get file access control lists
getfattr
get extended attributes of filesystem objects
getopt
parse command options (enhanced)
gettext
translate message
gettextize
install or upgrade gettext infrastructure
gfortran
GNU Fortran compiler
git
the stupid content tracker
git-add
Add file contents to the index
git-am
Apply a series of patches from a mailbox
git-annotate
Annotate file lines with commit information
git-apply
Apply a patch to files and/or to the index
git-archive
Create an archive of files from a named tree
git-bisect
Use binary search to find the commit that introduced a bug
git-blame
Show what revision and author last modified each line of a file
git-branch
List, create, or delete branches
git-bundle
Move objects and refs by archive
git-cat-file
Provide content or type and size information for repository objects
git-check-attr
Display gitattributes information
git-check-ignore
Debug gitignore / exclude files
git-check-mailmap
Show canonical names and email addresses of contacts
git-checkout
Switch branches or restore working tree files
git-checkout-index
Copy files from the index to the working tree
git-check-ref-format
Ensures that a reference name is well formed
git-cherry
Find commits yet to be applied to upstream
git-cherry-pick
Apply the changes introduced by some existing commits
git-citool
Graphical alternative to git-commit
git-clean
Remove untracked files from the working tree
git-clone
Clone a repository into a new directory
git-column
Display data in columns
git-commit
Record changes to the repository
git-commit-graph
Write and verify Git commit-graph files
git-commit-tree
Create a new commit object
git-config
Get and set repository or global options
git-count-objects
Count unpacked number of objects and their disk consumption
git-credential
Retrieve and store user credentials
git-credential-cache
Helper to temporarily store passwords in memory
git-credential-cache--daemon
Temporarily store user credentials in memory
git-credential-store
Helper to store credentials on disk
git-cvsexportcommit
Export a single commit to a CVS checkout
git-cvsimport
Salvage your data out of another SCM people love to hate
git-cvsserver
A CVS server emulator for Git
git-daemon
A really simple server for Git repositories
git-describe
Give an object a human readable name based on an available ref
git-diff
Show changes between commits, commit and working tree, etc
git-diff-files
Compares files in the working tree and the index
git-diff-index
Compare a tree to the working tree or index
git-difftool
Show changes using common diff tools
git-diff-tree
Compares the content and mode of blobs found via two tree objects
git-fast-export
Git data exporter
git-fast-import
Backend for fast Git data importers
git-fetch
Download objects and refs from another repository
git-fetch-pack
Receive missing objects from another repository
git-filter-branch
Rewrite branches
git-fmt-merge-msg
Produce a merge commit message
git-for-each-ref
Output information on each ref
git-format-patch
Prepare patches for e-mail submission
git-fsck
Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database
git-fsck-objects
Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database
git-gc
Cleanup unnecessary files and optimize the local repository
git-get-tar-commit-id
Extract commit ID from an archive created using git-archive
git-grep
Print lines matching a pattern
git-gui
A portable graphical interface to Git
git-hash-object
Compute object ID and optionally creates a blob from a file
git-help
Display help information about Git
git-http-backend
Server side implementation of Git over HTTP
git-http-fetch
Download from a remote Git repository via HTTP
git-http-push
Push objects over HTTP/DAV to another repository
git-imap-send
Send a collection of patches from stdin to an IMAP folder
git-index-pack
Build pack index file for an existing packed archive
git-init
Create an empty Git repository or reinitialize an existing one
git-init-db
Creates an empty Git repository
git-instaweb
Instantly browse your working repository in gitweb
git-interpret-trailers
Add or parse structured information in commit messages
gitk
The Git repository browser
git-log
Show commit logs
git-ls-files
Show information about files in the index and the working tree
git-ls-remote
List references in a remote repository
git-ls-tree
List the contents of a tree object
git-mailinfo
Extracts patch and authorship from a single e-mail message
git-mailsplit
Simple UNIX mbox splitter program
git-merge
Join two or more development histories together
git-merge-base
Find as good common ancestors as possible for a merge
git-merge-file
Run a three-way file merge
git-merge-index
Run a merge for files needing merging
git-merge-one-file
The standard helper program to use with git-merge-index
git-mergetool
Run merge conflict resolution tools to resolve merge conflicts
git-mergetool--lib
Common Git merge tool shell scriptlets
git-merge-tree
Show three-way merge without touching index
git-mktag
Creates a tag object
git-mktree
Build a tree-object from ls-tree formatted text
git-multi-pack-index
Write and verify multi-pack-indexes
git-mv
Move or rename a file, a directory, or a symlink
git-name-rev
Find symbolic names for given revs
git-notes
Add or inspect object notes
git-pack-objects
Create a packed archive of objects
git-pack-redundant
Find redundant pack files
git-pack-refs
Pack heads and tags for efficient repository access
git-parse-remote
Routines to help parsing remote repository access parameters
git-patch-id
Compute unique ID for a patch
git-prune
Prune all unreachable objects from the object database
git-prune-packed
Remove extra objects that are already in pack files
git-pull
Fetch from and integrate with another repository or a local branch
git-push
Update remote refs along with associated objects
git-quiltimport
Applies a quilt patchset onto the current branch
git-range-diff
Compare two commit ranges (e.g. two versions of a branch)
git-read-tree
Reads tree information into the index
git-rebase
Reapply commits on top of another base tip
git-receive-pack
Receive what is pushed into the repository
git-reflog
Manage reflog information
git-remote
Manage set of tracked repositories
git-remote-ext
Bridge smart transport to external command.
git-remote-fd
Reflect smart transport stream back to caller
git-repack
Pack unpacked objects in a repository
git-replace
Create, list, delete refs to replace objects
git-request-pull
Generates a summary of pending changes
git-rerere
Reuse recorded resolution of conflicted merges
git-reset
Reset current HEAD to the specified state
git-restore
Restore working tree files
git-revert
Revert some existing commits
git-rev-list
Lists commit objects in reverse chronological order
git-rev-parse
Pick out and massage parameters
git-rm
Remove files from the working tree and from the index
git-send-email
Send a collection of patches as emails
git-send-pack
Push objects over Git protocol to another repository
git-shell
Restricted login shell for Git-only SSH access
git-sh-i18n
Git's i18n setup code for shell scripts
git-sh-i18n--envsubst
Git's own envsubst(1) for i18n fallbacks
git-shortlog
Summarize 'git log' output
git-show
Show various types of objects
git-show-branch
Show branches and their commits
git-show-index
Show packed archive index
git-show-ref
List references in a local repository
git-sh-setup
Common Git shell script setup code
git-stage
Add file contents to the staging area
git-stash
Stash the changes in a dirty working directory away
git-status
Show the working tree status
git-stripspace
Remove unnecessary whitespace
git-submodule
Initialize, update or inspect submodules
git-svn
Bidirectional operation between a Subversion repository and Git
git-switch
Switch branches
git-symbolic-ref
Read, modify and delete symbolic refs
git-tag
Create, list, delete or verify a tag object signed with GPG
git-unpack-file
Creates a temporary file with a blob's contents
git-unpack-objects
Unpack objects from a packed archive
git-update-index
Register file contents in the working tree to the index
git-update-ref
Update the object name stored in a ref safely
git-update-server-info
Update auxiliary info file to help dumb servers
git-upload-archive
Send archive back to git-archive
git-upload-pack
Send objects packed back to git-fetch-pack
git-var
Show a Git logical variable
git-verify-commit
Check the GPG signature of commits
git-verify-pack
Validate packed Git archive files
git-verify-tag
Check the GPG signature of tags
gitweb
Git web interface (web frontend to Git repositories)
git-web--browse
Git helper script to launch a web browser
git-whatchanged
Show logs with difference each commit introduces
git-worktree
Manage multiple working trees
git-write-tree
Create a tree object from the current index
glilypond
integrate lilypond parts into groff
gnutls-cli
GnuTLS client
gnutls-cli-debug
GnuTLS debug client
gnutls-serv
GnuTLS server
gpasswd
administer /etc/group and /etc/gshadow
gperl
groff preprocessor for Perl parts in roff files
gpinyin
Chinese European-like writing within groff
gprof
display call graph profile data
grap2graph
convert a grap diagram into a cropped bitmap image
grep
print lines that match patterns
grn
groff preprocessor for gremlin files
grodvi
convert groff output to TeX dvi format
groff
front-end for the groff document formatting system
groffer
display groff files and man pages on X and tty
grog
guess options for a following groff command
grohtml
html driver for groff
grolbp
groff driver for Canon CAPSL printers (LBP-4 and LBP-8 series laser printers).
grolj4
groff driver for HP Laserjet 4 family
gropdf
PDF driver for groff
grops
PostScript driver for groff
grotty
groff driver for typewriter-like devices
groups
print the groups a user is in
guards
select from a list of files guarded by conditions
hardlink
Consolidate duplicate files via hardlinks
head
output the first part of files
hexdump
display file contents in hexadecimal, decimal, octal, or ascii
hg
Mercurial source code management system
hostid
print the numeric identifier for the current host
hostname
show the system's DNS domain name
hostnamectl
Control the system hostname
hpftodit
create font description files for use with groff -Tlj4
htop
interactive process viewer
ibacm
address and route resolution services for InfiniBand.
ib_acme
test and configuration utility for the IB ACM
ibsrpdm
Discover SRP targets on an InfiniBand Fabric
ibv_asyncwatch
display asynchronous events
ibv_devices
list RDMA devices
ibv_devinfo
query RDMA devices
ibv_rc_pingpong
simple InfiniBand RC transport test
ibv_srq_pingpong
simple InfiniBand shared receive queue test
ibv_uc_pingpong
simple InfiniBand UC transport test
ibv_ud_pingpong
simple InfiniBand UD transport test
ibv_xsrq_pingpong
simple InfiniBand shared receive queue test
iconv
convert text from one character encoding to another
id
print real and effective user and group IDs
indent
changes the appearance of a C program by inserting or deleting whitespace.  
indxbib
make inverted index for bibliographic databases
init
systemd system and service manager
innochecksum
offline InnoDB file checksum utility
inotifywait
wait for changes to files using inotify
inotifywatch
gather filesystem access statistics using inotify
install
copy files and set attributes
intro
introduction to user commands
ionice
set or get process I/O scheduling class and priority
iostat
Report Central Processing Unit (CPU) statistics and input/output statistics for devices and partitions.
iostat2pcp
import iostat data and create a PCP archive
iowatcher
Create visualizations from blktrace results
ipcmk
make various IPC resources
ipcrm
remove certain IPC resources
ipcs
show information on IPC facilities
ippeveprinter
an ipp everywhere printer application for cups
ippfind
find internet printing protocol printers
ipptool
perform internet printing protocol requests
iptables-xml
Convert iptables-save format to XML
join
join lines of two files on a common field
journalctl
Query the systemd journal
kbdinfo
obtain information about the status of a console
kbd_mode
report or set the keyboard mode
kernelshark
graphical reader for trace-cmd(1) output
keyctl
key management facility control
kill
terminate a process
killall
kill processes by name
last
show a listing of last logged in users
lastb
show a listing of last logged in users
lastcomm
print out information about previously executed commands.
ld
The GNU linker
ldapadd
LDAP modify entry and LDAP add entry tools
ldapcompare
LDAP compare tool
ldapdelete
LDAP delete entry tool
ldapexop
issue LDAP extended operations
ldapmodify
LDAP modify entry and LDAP add entry tools
ldapmodrdn
LDAP rename entry tool
ldappasswd
change the password of an LDAP entry
ldapsearch
LDAP search tool
ldapurl
LDAP URL formatting tool
ldapwhoami
LDAP who am i? tool
ldd
print shared object dependencies
less
opposite of more
lessecho
expand metacharacters
lesskey
specify key bindings for less
lexgrog
parse header information in man pages
link
call the link function to create a link to a file
lkbib
search bibliographic databases
ln
make links between files
loadkeys
load keyboard translation tables
locale
get locale-specific information
localectl
Control the system locale and keyboard layout settings
localedef
compile locale definition files
locate
find files by name
logger
enter messages into the system log
loginctl
Control the systemd login manager
logname
print user´s login name
look
display lines beginning with a given string
lookbib
search bibliographic databases
lpoptions
display or set printer options and defaults
ls
list directory contents
lsattr
list file attributes on a Linux second extended file system
lscpu
display information about the CPU architecture
lsinitrd
tool to show the contents of an initramfs image
lsipc
show information on IPC facilities currently employed in the system
lslogins
display information about known users in the system
lsmem
list the ranges of available memory with their online status
ltrace
A library call tracer
lttng
LTTng 2 tracer control command-line tool
lttng-add-context
Add context fields to an LTTng channel
lttng-crash
Recover and view LTTng 2 trace buffers in the event of a crash
lttng-create
Create an LTTng tracing session
lttng-destroy
Destroy an LTTng tracing session
lttng-disable-channel
Disable LTTng channels
lttng-disable-event
Disable LTTng event rules
lttng-disable-rotation
Unset a tracing session's rotation schedule
lttng-enable-channel
Create or enable LTTng channels
lttng-enable-event
Create or enable LTTng event rules
lttng-enable-rotation
Set a tracing session's rotation schedule
lttng-gen-tp
Generate LTTng-UST tracepoint provider code
lttng-help
Display help information about an LTTng command
lttng-list
List LTTng tracing sessions, domains, channels, and events
lttng-load
Load LTTng tracing session configurations
lttng-metadata
Manage an LTTng tracing session's metadata generation
lttng-regenerate
Manage an LTTng tracing session's data regeneration
lttng-rotate
Archive a tracing session's current trace chunk
lttng-save
Save LTTng tracing session configurations
lttng-set-session
Set the current LTTng tracing session
lttng-snapshot
Take LTTng snapshots and configure snapshot outputs
lttng-start
Start LTTng tracers
lttng-status
Get the current LTTng tracing session's status
lttng-stop
Stop LTTng tracers
lttng-track
Add one or more entries to an LTTng resource tracker
lttng-untrack
Remove one or more entries from an LTTng resource tracker
lttng-version
Get the version of LTTng-tools
lttng-view
View the traces of an LTTng tracing session
lxc-attach
start a process inside a running container.
lxc-autostart
start/stop/kill auto-started containers
lxc-cgroup
manage the control group associated with a container
lxc-checkconfig
check the current kernel for lxc support
lxc-checkpoint
checkpoint a container
lxc-config
query LXC system configuration
lxc-console
Launch a console for the specified container
lxc-copy
copy an existing container.
lxc-create
creates a container
lxc-destroy
destroy a container.
lxc-device
manage devices of running containers
lxc-execute
run an application inside a container.
lxc-freeze
freeze all the container's processes
lxc-info
query information about a container
lxc-ls
list the containers existing on the system
lxc-monitor
monitor the container state
lxc-snapshot
Snapshot an existing container.
lxc-start
run an application inside a container.
lxc-stop
stop the application running inside a container
lxc-top
monitor container statistics
lxc-unfreeze
thaw all the container's processes
lxc-unshare
Run a task in a new set of namespaces.
lxc-update-config
update a legacy pre LXC 2.1 configuration file
lxc-user-nic
Manage nics in another network namespace
lxc-usernsexec
Run a task as root in a new user namespace.
lxc-wait
wait for a specific container state
machinectl
Control the systemd machine manager
make
GNU make utility to maintain groups of programs
man
an interface to the on-line reference manuals
manconv
convert manual page from one encoding to another
manpath
determine search path for manual pages
mariabackup
Backup tool
mariadb-service-convert
generate a mariadb.service file based on the current mysql/mariadb settings
mbstream
Serialize/deserialize files in the XBSTREAM format
mckey
RDMA CM multicast setup and simple data transfer test.
mcookie
generate magic cookies for xauth
md5sum
compute and check MD5 message digest
memusage
profile memory usage of a program
memusagestat
generate graphic from memory profiling data
mesg
display (or do not display) messages from other users
minicom
friendly serial communication program
mkaf
create a Performance Co-Pilot archive folio
mkdir
make directories
mkfifo
make FIFOs (named pipes)
mknod
make block or character special files
mktemp
create a temporary file or directory
mmroff
cross reference preprocessor
more
file perusal filter for crt viewing
mountpoint
see if a directory or file is a mountpoint
mpstat
Report processors related statistics.
mrtg2pcp
import MRTG data and create a PCP archive
msgattrib
attribute matching and manipulation on message catalog
msgcat
combines several message catalogs
msgcmp
compare message catalog and template
msgcomm
match two message catalogs
msgconv
character set conversion for message catalog
msgen
create English message catalog
msgexec
process translations of message catalog
msgfilter
edit translations of message catalog
msgfmt
compile message catalog to binary format
msggrep
pattern matching on message catalog
msginit
initialize a message catalog
msgmerge
merge message catalog and template
msgunfmt
uncompile message catalog from binary format
msguniq
unify duplicate translations in message catalog
ms_print
post-processing tool for Massif
msql2mysql
convert mSQL programs for use with MySQL
mtrace
interpret the malloc trace log
mv
move (rename) files
myisamchk
MyISAM table-maintenance utility
myisam_ftdump
display full-text index information
myisamlog
display MyISAM log file contents
myisampack
generate compressed, read-only MyISAM tables
my_print_defaults
display options from option files
my_safe_process
Utility program that encapsulates process creation, monitoring and bulletproof process cleanup
mysql
the MariaDB command-line tool
mysqlaccess
client for checking access privileges
mysqladmin
client for administering a MariaB server
mysqlbinlog
utility for processing binary log files
mysqlcheck
a table maintenance program
mysql_client_test
test client API for embedded server
mysql_client_test_embedded
test client API for embedded server
mysql_config
display options for compiling clients
mysql_convert_table_format
convert tables to use a given storage engine
mysqld_multi
manage multiple MariaDB servers
mysqld_safe
MariaDB server startup script
mysqld_safe_helper
helper script
mysqldump
a database backup program
mysqldumpslow
Summarize slow query log files
mysql_find_rows
extract SQL statements from files
mysql_fix_extensions
normalize table file name extensions
mysqlhotcopy
a database backup program
mysqlimport
a data import program
mysql_install_db
initialize MariaDB data directory
mysql_plugin
configure MariaDB server plugins
mysql_secure_installation
improve MariaDB installation security
mysql.server
MariaDB server startup script
mysql_setpermission
interactively set permissions in grant tables
mysqlshow
display database, table, and column information
mysqlslap
load emulation client
mysql-stress-test.pl
server stress test program
mysqltest
program to run embedded test cases
mysqltest_embedded
program to run embedded test cases
mysql-test-run.pl
run MariaDB test suite
mysql_tzinfo_to_sql
load the time zone tables
mysql_upgrade
check tables for MariaDB upgrade
mysql_waitpid
kill process and wait for its termination
namei
follow a pathname until a terminal point is found
ncat
Concatenate and redirect sockets
needs-restarting
redirecting to DNF needs_restarting Plugin
neqn
format equations for ascii output
networkctl
Query the status of network links
newgidmap
set the gid mapping of a user namespace
newgrp
log in to a new group
newhelp
generate a performance metrics help database
newrole
run a shell with a new SELinux role
newuidmap
set the uid mapping of a user namespace
nfs4_editfacl
manipulate NFSv4 file/directory access control lists
nfs4_getfacl
get NFSv4 file/directory access control lists
nfs4_setfacl
manipulate NFSv4 file/directory access control lists
ngettext
translate message and choose plural form
nice
run a program with modified scheduling priority
nisdomainname
show the system's DNS domain name
nitrocli
access Nitrokey devices
nl
number lines of files
nm
list symbols from object files
nmap
Network exploration tool and security / port scanner
nohup
run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
nping
Network packet generation tool / ping utility
nproc
print the number of processing units available
nroff
emulate nroff command with groff
nsenter
run program with namespaces of other processes
numfmt
Convert numbers from/to human-readable strings
objcopy
copy and translate object files
objdump
display information from object files
ocsptool
GnuTLS OCSP tool
od
dump files in octal and other formats
openvt
start a program on a new virtual terminal (VT).
ovn-detrace
convert “ovs-appctl ofproto/trace” output to combine OVN logical flow information.
ovsdb-client
command-line interface to ovsdb-server(1)
ovsdb-server
Open vSwitch database server
ovsdb-tool
Open vSwitch database management utility
ovs-pcap
print packets from a pcap file as hex
ovs-tcpundump
convert “tcpdump -xx” output to hex strings
p11tool
GnuTLS PKCS #11 tool
package-cleanup
clean up locally installed, duplicate, or orphaned packages.
passwd
update user's authentication tokens
paste
merge lines of files
patch
apply a diff file to an original
pathchk
check whether file names are valid or portable
pcap-config
write libpcap compiler and linker flags to standard output
pcp
run a command or summarize an installation
pcp2csv
performance metrics reporter
pcp2elasticsearch
pcp-to-elasticsearch metrics exporter
pcp2graphite
pcp-to-graphite metrics exporter
pcp2influxdb
pcp-to-influxdb metrics exporter
pcp2json
pcp-to-json metrics exporter
pcp2spark
pcp-to-spark metrics exporter
pcp2xlsx
pcp-to-xlsx metrics exporter
pcp2xml
pcp-to-xml metrics exporter
pcp2zabbix
pcp-to-zabbix metrics exporter
pcp-atop
Advanced System and Process Monitor
pcp-atopsar
Advanced System Activity Report (pcp-atop related)
pcp-collectl
backward-compatibility in the Performance Co-Pilot (PCP)
pcpcompat
backward-compatibility in the Performance Co-Pilot (PCP)
pcp-dmcache
report on logical storage device caches
pcp-dstat
versatile tool for generating system resource statistics
pcp-free
report on free and used memory in the system
pcpintro
introduction to the Performance Co-Pilot (PCP)
pcp-iostat
report block I/O statistics
pcp-ipcs
provide information on IPC facilities
pcp-kube-pods
list Kubernetes pods to scan for running PCP services
pcp-lvmcache
report on logical storage device caches
pcp-mpstat
Report CPU and interrupt related statistics.
pcp-numastat
report on NUMA memory allocation
pcp-pidstat
Report statistics for Linux tasks.
pcp-python
run a python script using a preferred python variant
pcp-shping
report on shell service availability and response
pcp-summary
run a command or summarize an installation
pcp-tapestat
report tape I/O statistics
pcp-uptime
tell how long the system has been running
pcp-verify
verify aspects of a PCP installation
pcp-vmstat
high-level system performance overview
pcre-config
program to return PCRE configuration
pcregrep
a grep with Perl-compatible regular expressions.
pcretest
a program for testing Perl-compatible regular expressions.
pdfmom
Produce PDF documents using the mom macro set
pdfroff
create PDF documents using groff
peekfd
peek at file descriptors of running processes
perf
Performance analysis tools for Linux
perfalloc
notify pmdaperfevent(1) to disable hardware counter allocation.
perf-annotate
Read perf.data (created by perf record) and display annotated code
perf-archive
Create archive with object files with build-ids found in perf.data file
perf-bench
General framework for benchmark suites
perf-buildid-cache
Manage build-id cache.
perf-buildid-list
List the buildids in a perf.data file
perf-c2c
Shared Data C2C/HITM Analyzer.
perf-config
Get and set variables in a configuration file.
perf-data
Data file related processing
perf-diff
Read perf.data files and display the differential profile
perf-evlist
List the event names in a perf.data file
perf-ftrace
simple wrapper for kernel's ftrace functionality
perf-help
display help information about perf
perf-inject
Filter to augment the events stream with additional information
perf-kallsyms
Searches running kernel for symbols
perf-kmem
Tool to trace/measure kernel memory properties
perf-kvm
Tool to trace/measure kvm guest os
perf-list
List all symbolic event types
perf-lock
Analyze lock events
perf-mem
Profile memory accesses
perf-probe
Define new dynamic tracepoints
perf-record
Run a command and record its profile into perf.data
perf-report
Read perf.data (created by perf record) and display the profile
perf-sched
Tool to trace/measure scheduler properties (latencies)
perf-script
Read perf.data (created by perf record) and display trace output
perf-script-perl
Process trace data with a Perl script
perf-script-python
Process trace data with a Python script
perf-stat
Run a command and gather performance counter statistics
perf-test
Runs sanity tests.
perf-timechart
Tool to visualize total system behavior during a workload
perf-top
System profiling tool.
perf-trace
strace inspired tool
perf-version
display the version of perf binary
perror
explain error codes
pfbtops
translate a PostScript font in .pfb format to ASCII
pgrep
look up or signal processes based on name and other attributes
pic
compile pictures for troff or TeX
pic2graph
convert a PIC diagram into a cropped image
pidof
pidof -- find the process ID of a running program.
pidstat
Report statistics for Linux tasks.
pinky
lightweight finger
pkill
look up or signal processes based on name and other attributes
pldd
display dynamic shared objects linked into a process
pmafm
Performance Co-Pilot archive folio manager
pmap
report memory map of a process
pmcd
performance metrics collector daemon
pmcd_wait
wait for PMCD to accept client connections
pmchart
strip chart tool for Performance Co-Pilot
pmclient
a simple performance metrics client
pmclient_fg
a simple performance metrics client
pmconfig
Performance Co-Pilot configuration parameters
pmconfirm
general purpose dialog box
pmcpp
simple preprocessor for the Performance Co-Pilot
pmdaactivemq
ActiveMQ performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdaaix
operating system kernel performance metrics domain agents
pmdaapache
Apache2 web server performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdabash
Bourne-Again SHell trace performance metrics domain agent
pmdabcc
BCC PMDA
pmdabind2
BIND performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdabonding
Linux bonded interface performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdabpftrace
bpftrace PMDA
pmdacifs
Common Internet Filesystem (CIFS) PMDA
pmdacisco
Cisco router performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdadarwin
operating system kernel performance metrics domain agents
pmdadbping
database response time and availability PMDA
pmdadm
Device Mapper PMDA
pmdadocker
docker performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdads389
389 Directory Server PMDA
pmdads389log
389 Directory Server Log PMDA
pmdaelasticsearch
elasticsearch performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdafreebsd
operating system kernel performance metrics domain agents
pmdagfs2
Global Filesystem v2 (GFS2) PMDA
pmdagluster
Gluster Filesystem PMDA
pmdagpfs
gpfs filesystem statistics performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdahaproxy
HAProxy PMDA
pmdaib
Infiniband performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdajbd2
journal block device (JBD) performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdajson
JSON PMDA
pmdakernel
operating system kernel performance metrics domain agents
pmdalibvirt
libvirt PMDA
pmdalinux
operating system kernel performance metrics domain agents
pmdalio
Linux LIO subsystem PMDA
pmdalmsensors
Linux hardware monitoring performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdalogger
log file performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdalustre
lustre filesystem statistics performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdalustrecomm
Lustre filesystem comms performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdamailq
mail queue performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdamemcache
memcached performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdamic
MIC card PMDA
pmdammv
memory mapped values performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdamounts
filesystem mounts performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdamssql
Microsoft SQL Server database PMDA
pmdamysql
MySQL and MariaDB database PMDA
pmdanetbsd
operating system kernel performance metrics domain agents
pmdanetcheck
netcheck PMDA
pmdanetfilter
Linux netfilter IP connection tracking performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdanfsclient
NFS client statistics performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdanginx
nginx performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdanutcracker
NutCracker performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdanvidia
nvidia gpu metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdaopenmetrics
OpenMetrics PMDA
pmdaoracle
Oracle database PMDA
pmdaperfevent
hardware performance counter performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdapipe
command output capture performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdapodman
podman container performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdapostfix
Postfix performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdapostgresql
PostgreSQL database PMDA
pmdaproc
process performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdaredis
Redis performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdaroomtemp
room temperature performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdaroot
a privileged PMCD helper performance metrics domain agent
pmdarsyslog
rsyslog (reliable and extended syslog) PMDA
pmdasample
sample performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdasendmail
sendmail performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdashping
"shell-ping" performance metrics domain agent
pmdasimple
simple performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdaslurm
SLURM statistics performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdasmart
S.M.A.R.T Data PMDA
pmdasolaris
operating system kernel performance metrics domain agents
pmdastatsd
StatsD protocol performance metric domain agent (PMDA)
pmdasummary
summary performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdasystemd
systemd performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdate
display an offset date
pmdatrace
application-level transaction performance metrics domain agent
pmdatrivial
trivial performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdatxmon
txmon performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdaunbound
Unbound resolver PMDA
pmdaweblog
performance metrics domain agent (PMDA) for Web server logs
pmdawindows
operating system kernel performance metrics domain agents
pmdaxfs
XFS filesystem performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)
pmdazimbra
Zimbra Collaboration Suite (ZCS) PMDA
pmdazswap
zswap (compressed swap) PMDA
pmdbg
report Performance Co-Pilot debug options
pmdiff
compares archives and report significant differences
pmdumplog
dump internal details of a performance metrics archive log
pmdumptext
dump performance metrics to an ASCII table
pmerr
translate Performance Co-Pilot error codes into error messages
pmevent
arbitrary performance metrics value dumper
pmfind
find PCP services on the network
pmgenmap
generate C code to simplify handling of performance metrics
pmgetopt
Performance Co-Pilot shell script option parser
pmhostname
report hostname
pmie
inference engine for performance metrics
pmie2col
convert pmie output to multi-column format
pmie_check
administration of the Performance Co-Pilot inference engine
pmieconf
display and set configurable pmie rule variables
pmie_daily
administration of the Performance Co-Pilot inference engine
pmiestatus
display information from pmie stats file
pminfo
display information about performance metrics
pmiostat
report block I/O statistics
pmjson
Performance Co-Pilot JSON dumping utility
pmlc
configure active Performance Co-Pilot pmlogger(s) interactively
pmlock
simple file-based mutex
pmlogcheck
checks for invalid data in a PCP archive
pmlogconf
create/edit a pmlogger configuration file
pmlogextract
reduce, extract, concatenate and merge Performance Co-Pilot archives
pmlogger
create archive log for performance metrics
pmlogger_check
administration of Performance Co-Pilot archive log files
pmlogger_daily
administration of Performance Co-Pilot archive log files
pmlogger_daily_report
write Performance Co-Pilot daily summary reports
pmlogger_merge
helper script to merge Performance Co-Pilot archives
pmlogger_rewrite
helper script to rewrite Performance Co-Pilot archives
pmloglabel
check and repair a performance metrics archive label
pmlogmv
move (rename) Performance Co-Pilot archive files
pmlogreduce
temporal reduction of Performance Co-Pilot archives
pmlogrewrite
rewrite Performance Co-Pilot archives
pmlogsize
report sizes for parts of PCP archive(s)
pmlogsummary
calculate averages of metrics stored in a set of PCP archives
pmmessage
general purpose dialog box
pmmgr
pcp daemon manager
pmnewlog
stop and restart archive logging for PCP performance metrics
pmnsadd
add new names to the Performance Co-Pilot PMNS
pmnsdel
delete a subtree of names from the Performance Co-Pilot PMNS
pmnsmerge
merge multiple versions of a Performance Co-Pilot PMNS
pmpause
portable subsecond-capable sleep
pmpost
append messages to the Performance Co-Pilot notice board
pmprobe
lightweight probe for performance metrics
pmproxy
proxy for performance metrics collector and querying
pmpython
run a python script using a preferred python variant
pmquery
general purpose dialog box
pmrep
performance metrics reporter
pmseries
display information about performance metric timeseries
pmsignal
send a signal to one or more processes
pmsleep
portable subsecond-capable sleep
pmsnap
generate performance summary snapshot images
pmsocks
shell wrapper for performance monitoring across firewalls
pmstat
high-level system performance overview
pmstore
modify performance metric values
pmtime
time control server for Performance Co-Pilot
pmtrace
command line performance instrumentation
pmval
arbitrary performance metrics value dumper
pmwebd
backward-compatibility in the Performance Co-Pilot (PCP)
ppdc
cups ppd compiler (deprecated)
ppdhtml
cups html summary generator (deprecated)
ppdi
import ppd files (deprecated)
ppdmerge
merge ppd files (deprecated)
ppdpo
ppd message catalog generator (deprecated)
pr
convert text files for printing
preconv
convert encoding of input files to something GNU troff understands
printenv
print all or part of environment
printf
format and print data
prlimit
get and set process resource limits
procps
report a snapshot of the current processes.
prtstat
print statistics of a process
ps
report a snapshot of the current processes.
psfaddtable
add a Unicode character table to a console font
psfgettable
extract the embedded Unicode character table from a console font
psfstriptable
remove the embedded Unicode character table from a console font
psfxtable
handle Unicode character tables for console fonts
psktool
GnuTLS PSK tool
pslog
pslog- report current logs path of a process
pstree
display a tree of processes
ptx
produce a permuted index of file contents
pv
monitor the progress of data through a pipe
pwd
print name of current/working directory
pwdx
report current working directory of a process
quilt
tool to manage series of patches
quota
display disk usage and limits
quotasync
synchronize in-kernel file system usage and limits to disk format
ranlib
generate an index to an archive
rcopy
simple file copy over RDMA.
rdma_client
simple RDMA CM connection and ping-pong test.
rdma_server
simple RDMA CM connection and ping-pong test.
rdma_xclient
RDMA CM communication client test program
rdma_xserver
RDMA CM communication server test program
readelf
display information about ELF files
readlink
print resolved symbolic links or canonical file names
realpath
print the resolved path
recode-sr-latin
convert Serbian text from Cyrillic to Latin script
refer
preprocess bibliographic references for groff
rename
rename files
renice
alter priority of running processes
replace
a string-replacement utility
repoclosure
redirecting to DNF repoclosure Plugin
repodiff
redirecting to DNF repodiff Plugin
repo-graph
redirecting to DNF repograph Plugin
repomanage
redirecting to DNF repomanage Plugin
reposync
redirecting to DNF reposync Plugin
reset
terminal initialization
resolveip
resolve host name to IP address or vice versa
resolve_stack_dump
resolve numeric stack trace dump to symbols
rev
reverse lines characterwise
riostream
zero-copy streaming over RDMA ping-pong test.
rm
remove files or directories
rmdir
remove empty directories
roff2dvi
transform roff code into dvi mode
roff2html
transform roff code into html mode
roff2pdf
transform roff code into pdf mode
roff2ps
transform roff code into ps mode
roff2text
transform roff code into text mode
roff2x
transform roff code into x mode
rping
RDMA CM connection and RDMA ping-pong test.
rstream
streaming over RDMA ping-pong test.
rsync
a fast, versatile, remote (and local) file-copying tool
runcon
run command with specified SELinux security context
runscript
script interpreter for minicom
runuser
run a command with substitute user and group ID
sadf
Display data collected by sar in multiple formats.
sar
Collect, report, or save system activity information.
sar2pcp
import sar data and create a PCP archive
scmp_sys_resolver
Resolve system calls
scp
secure copy (remote file copy program)
screen
screen manager with VT100/ANSI terminal emulation
script
make typescript of terminal session
scriptreplay
play back typescripts, using timing information
sdiff
side-by-side merge of file differences
secon
See an SELinux context, from a file, program or user input.
sed
stream editor for filtering and transforming text
seq
print a sequence of numbers
setfacl
set file access control lists
setfattr
set extended attributes of filesystem objects
setleds
set the keyboard leds
setmetamode
define the keyboard meta key handling
setpriv
run a program with different Linux privilege settings
setsid
run a program in a new session
setterm
set terminal attributes
sftp
secure file transfer program
sg
execute command as different group ID
sha1sum
compute and check SHA1 message digest
sha224sum
compute and check SHA224 message digest
sha256sum
compute and check SHA256 message digest
sha384sum
compute and check SHA384 message digest
sha512sum
compute and check SHA512 message digest
showkey
examine the codes sent by the keyboard
shred
overwrite a file to hide its contents, and optionally delete it
shuf
generate random permutations
size
list section sizes and total size of binary files
skill
send a signal or report process status
slabtop
display kernel slab cache information in real time
sleep
delay for a specified amount of time
snice
send a signal or report process status
soelim
interpret .so requests in groff input
sort
sort lines of text files
sparse
Semantic Parser for C
split
split a file into pieces
sprof
read and display shared object profiling data
srptool
GnuTLS SRP tool
ssh
OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
ssh-add
adds private key identities to the authentication agent
ssh-agent
authentication agent
sshfs
filesystem client based on SSH
ssh-keygen
authentication key generation, management and conversion
ssh-keyscan
gather SSH public keys
stap
systemtap script translator/driver
stap-merge
systemtap per-cpu binary merger
stap-prep
prepare system for systemtap use
stapref
systemtap language reference
stap-report
collect system information that is useful for debugging systemtap bugs
stapvirt
prepare libvirt domains for systemtap probing
stat
display file or file system status
stdbuf
Run COMMAND, with modified buffering operations for its standard streams.
stg
Manage stacks of patches using the Git content tracker
stg-branch
Branch operations: switch, list, create, rename, delete, ...
stg-clean
Delete the empty patches in the series
stg-clone
Make a local clone of a remote repository
stg-commit
Permanently store the applied patches into the stack base
stg-delete
Delete patches
stg-diff
Show the tree diff
stg-edit
Edit a patch description or diff
stg-export
Export patches to a directory
stg-files
Show the files modified by a patch (or the current patch)
stg-float
Push patches to the top, even if applied
stg-fold
Integrate a GNU diff patch into the current patch
stg-goto
Push or pop patches to the given one
stg-hide
Hide a patch in the series
stg-id
Print the git hash value of a StGit reference
stg-import
Import a GNU diff file as a new patch
stg-init
Initialise the current branch for use with StGIT
stg-log
Display or optionally clear the patch changelog
stg-mail
Send a patch or series of patches by e-mail
stg-new
Create a new, empty patch
stg-next
Print the name of the next patch
stg-patches
Show the applied patches modifying a file
stg-pick
Import a patch from a different branch or a commit object
stg-pop
Pop one or more patches from the stack
stg-prev
Print the name of the previous patch
stg-publish
Push the stack changes to a merge-friendly branch
stg-pull
Pull changes from a remote repository
stg-push
Push one or more patches onto the stack
stg-rebase
Move the stack base to another point in history
stg-redo
Undo the last undo operation
stg-refresh
Generate a new commit for the current patch
stg-rename
Rename a patch
stg-repair
Fix StGit metadata if branch was modified with git commands
stg-reset
Reset the patch stack to an earlier state
stg-series
Print the patch series
stg-show
Show the commit corresponding to a patch
stg-sink
Send patches deeper down the stack
stg-squash
Squash two or more patches into one
stg-sync
Synchronise patches with a branch or a series
stg-top
Print the name of the top patch
stg-uncommit
Turn regular git commits into StGit patches
stg-undo
Undo the last operation
stg-unhide
Unhide a hidden patch
strace
trace system calls and signals
strace-log-merge
merge strace -ff -tt output
strings
print the sequences of printable characters in files
strip
discard symbols and other data from object files
stty
change and print terminal line settings
su
run a command with substitute user and group ID
sum
checksum and count the blocks in a file
sync
Synchronize cached writes to persistent storage
systemctl
Control the systemd system and service manager
systemd
systemd system and service manager
systemd-analyze
Analyze and debug system manager
systemd-ask-password
Query the user for a system password
systemd-bootchart
Boot performance graphing tool
systemd-cat
Connect a pipeline or program's output with the journal
systemd-cgls
Recursively show control group contents
systemd-cgtop
Show top control groups by their resource usage
systemd-delta
Find overridden configuration files
systemd-detect-virt
Detect execution in a virtualized environment
systemd-escape
Escape strings for usage in systemd unit names
systemd-firstboot
Initialize basic system settings on or before the first boot-up of a system
systemd-firstboot.service
Initialize basic system settings on or before the first boot-up of a system
systemd-inhibit
Execute a program with an inhibition lock taken
systemd-machine-id-setup
Initialize the machine ID in /etc/machine-id
systemd-mount
Establish and destroy transient mount or auto-mount points
systemd-notify
Notify service manager about start-up completion and other daemon status changes
systemd-nspawn
Spawn a command or OS in a light-weight container
systemd-path
List and query system and user paths
systemd-run
Run programs in transient scope units, service units, or path-, socket-, or timer-triggered service units
systemd-socket-activate
Test socket activation of daemons
systemd-tty-ask-password-agent
List or process pending systemd password requests
systemd-umount
Establish and destroy transient mount or auto-mount points
tabs
set tabs on a terminal
tac
concatenate and print files in reverse
tail
output the last part of files
tapestat
Report tape statistics.
tar
an archiving utility
taskset
set or retrieve a process's CPU affinity
tbl
format tables for troff
tee
read from standard input and write to standard output and files
telnet-probe
lightweight telnet-like port probe
test
check file types and compare values
tfmtodit
create font files for use with groff -Tdvi
time
time a simple command or give resource usage
timedatectl
Control the system time and date
timeout
run a command with a time limit
tload
graphic representation of system load average
tmux
terminal multiplexer
tokuftdump
look into the fractal tree file
tokuft_logprint
Dump the log from stdin to stdout
top
display Linux processes
touch
change file timestamps
tpmtool
GnuTLS TPM tool
tput
initialize a terminal or query terminfo database
tr
translate or delete characters
trace-cmd
interacts with Ftrace Linux kernel internal tracer
trace-cmd-check-events
parse the event formats on local system
trace-cmd-extract
extract out the data from the Ftrace Linux tracer.
trace-cmd-hist
show histogram of events in trace.dat file
trace-cmd-list
list available plugins, events or options for Ftrace.
trace-cmd-listen
listen for incoming connection to record tracing.
trace-cmd-mem
show memory usage of certain kmem events
trace-cmd-options
list available options from trace-cmd plugins
trace-cmd-profile
profile tasks running live
trace-cmd-record
record a trace from the Ftrace Linux internal tracer
trace-cmd-report
show in ASCII a trace created by trace-cmd record
trace-cmd-reset
turn off all Ftrace tracing to bring back full performance
trace-cmd-restore
restore a failed trace record
trace-cmd-show
show the contents of the Ftrace Linux kernel tracing buffer.
trace-cmd-snapshot
take, reset, free, or show a Ftrace kernel snapshot
trace-cmd-split
split a trace.dat file into smaller files
trace-cmd-stack
read, enable or disable Ftrace Linux kernel stack tracing.
trace-cmd-start
start the Ftrace Linux kernel tracer without recording
trace-cmd-stat
show the status of the tracing (ftrace) system
trace-cmd-stop
stop the Ftrace Linux kernel tracer from writing to the ring buffer.
trace-cmd-stream
stream a trace to stdout as it is happening
troff
the troff processor of the groff text formatting system
true
do nothing, successfully
truncate
shrink or extend the size of a file to the specified size
tset
terminal initialization
tsort
perform topological sort
tty
print the file name of the terminal connected to standard input
ucmatose
RDMA CM connection and simple ping-pong test.
udaddy
RDMA CM datagram setup and simple ping-pong test.
udpong
unreliable datagram streaming over RDMA ping-pong test.
ul
do underlining
uname
print system information
unexpand
convert spaces to tabs
unicode_start
put keyboard and console in unicode mode
unicode_stop
revert keyboard and console from unicode mode
uniq
report or omit repeated lines
unlink
call the unlink function to remove the specified file
unshare
run program with some namespaces unshared from parent
uptime
Tell how long the system has been running.
usb-devices
print USB device details
utmpdump
dump UTMP and WTMP files in raw format
uuidgen
create a new UUID value
uuidparse
a utility to parse unique identifiers
valgrind
a suite of tools for debugging and profiling programs
valgrind-di-server
Experimental debuginfo server for valgrind
valgrind-listener
listens on a socket for Valgrind commentary
vdir
list directory contents
verify_blkparse
verifies an output file produced by blkparse
vgdb
intermediary between Valgrind and GDB or a shell
vlock
Virtual Console lock program
w
Show who is logged on and what they are doing.
wajig
Simplified command line administrator for Debian
wall
write a message to all users
watch
execute a program periodically, showing output fullscreen
wc
print newline, word, and byte counts for each file
wget
The non-interactive network downloader.
whatis
display one-line manual page descriptions
whereis
locate the binary, source, and manual page files for a command
who
show who is logged on
whoami
print effective userid
write
send a message to another user
wsrep_sst_common
common command line parser to be sourced by other SST scripts
wsrep_sst_mariabackup
mariabackup-based state snapshot transfer
wsrep_sst_mysqldump
mysqldump-based state snapshot transfer
wsrep_sst_rsync
rsync-based state snapshot transfer
wsrep_sst_rsync_wan
rsync_wan (rsync with delta transfers)-based state snapshot transfer
xargs
build and execute command lines from standard input
xgettext
extract gettext strings from source
xminicom
friendly serial communication program
yes
output a string repeatedly until killed
ypdomainname
show the system's DNS domain name
yum-builddep
redirecting to DNF builddep Plugin
yum-changelog
redirecting to DNF changelog Plugin
yum-config-manager
redirecting to DNF config-manager Plugin
yum-debug-dump
redirecting to DNF debug Plugin
yum-debug-restore
redirecting to DNF debug Plugin
yumdownloader
redirecting to DNF download Plugin
yum-utils
classic YUM utilities implemented as CLI shims on top of DNF
zsoelim
interpret .so requests in groff input