msgcat — combines several message catalogs


msgcat [OPTION] [INPUTFILE]...


Concatenates and merges the specified PO files. Find messages which are common to two or more of the specified PO files. By using the --more-than option, greater commonality may be requested before messages are printed.  Conversely, the --less-than option may be used to specify less commonality before messages are printed (i.e. --less-than=2 will only print the unique messages).  Translations, comments, extracted comments, and file positions will be cumulated, except that if --use-first is specified, they will be taken from the first PO file to define them.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

Input file location


input files

-f, --files-from=FILE

get list of input files from FILE

-D, --directory=DIRECTORY

add DIRECTORY to list for input files search

If input file is -, standard input is read.

Output file location

-o, --output-file=FILE

write output to specified file

The results are written to standard output if no output file is specified or if it is -.

Message selection

-<, --less-than=NUMBER

print messages with less than this many definitions, defaults to infinite if not set

->, --more-than=NUMBER

print messages with more than this many definitions, defaults to 0 if not set

-u, --unique

shorthand for --less-than=2, requests that only unique messages be printed

Input file syntax

-P, --properties-input

input files are in Java .properties syntax


input files are in NeXTstep/GNUstep .strings syntax

Output details

-t, --to-code=NAME

encoding for output


use first available translation for each message, don't merge several translations


set 'Language' field in the header entry


use colors and other text attributes always


use colors and other text attributes if WHEN. WHEN may be 'always', 'never', 'auto', or 'html'.


specify CSS style rule file for --color

-e, --no-escape

do not use C escapes in output (default)

-E, --escape

use C escapes in output, no extended chars


write PO file even if empty

-i, --indent

write the .po file using indented style


do not write '#: filename:line' lines

-n, --add-location

generate '#: filename:line' lines (default)


write out strict Uniforum conforming .po file

-p, --properties-output

write out a Java .properties file


write out a NeXTstep/GNUstep .strings file

-w, --width=NUMBER

set output page width


do not break long message lines, longer than the output page width, into several lines

-s, --sort-output

generate sorted output

-F, --sort-by-file

sort output by file location

Informative output

-h, --help

display this help and exit

-V, --version

output version information and exit


Written by Bruno Haible.

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs in the bug tracker at <> or by email to <>.

See Also

The full documentation for msgcat is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and msgcat programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info msgcat

should give you access to the complete manual.

Referenced By

pocompendium(1), pomigrate2(1).

May 2019 GNU gettext-tools 20190512