networkctl — Query the status of network links


networkctl [Options...] COMMAND [LINK...]


networkctl may be used to introspect the state of the network links as seen by systemd-networkd. Please refer to systemd-networkd.service(8) for an introduction to the basic concepts, functionality, and configuration syntax.


The following commands are understood:

list [PATTERN...]

Show a list of existing links and their status. If one ore more PATTERNs are specified, only links matching one of them are shown. If no further arguments are specified shows all links, otherwise just the specified links. Produces output similar to:

  1 lo           loopback carrier     unmanaged
  2 eth0         ether    routable    configured
  3 virbr0       ether    no-carrier  unmanaged
  4 virbr0-nic   ether    off         unmanaged

4 links listed.

The operational status is one of the following:


the device is powered down


the device is powered up, but it does not yet have a carrier


the device has a carrier, but is not yet ready for normal traffic


for bond or bridge master, one of the bonding or bridge slave network interfaces is in off, no-carrier, or dormant state


the link has a carrier, or for bond or bridge master, all bonding or bridge slave network interfaces are enslaved to the master.


the link has carrier and addresses valid on the local link configured


the link has carrier and is enslaved to bond or bridge master network interface


the link has carrier and routable address configured

The setup status is one of the following:


udev is still processing the link, we don't yet know if we will manage it


networkd failed to manage the link


in the process of retrieving configuration or configuring the link


link configured successfully


networkd is not handling the link


the link is gone, but has not yet been dropped by networkd

status [PATTERN...]

Show information about the specified links: type, state, kernel module driver, hardware and IP address, configured DNS servers, etc. If one ore more PATTERNs are specified, only links matching one of them are shown.

When no links are specified, an overall network status is shown. Also see the option --all.

Produces output similar to:

●      State: routable
     Address: on eth0
     on virbr0
     on eth0
              fe80::5054:aa:bbbb:cccc on eth0
     Gateway: (CISCO SYSTEMS, INC.) on eth0
lldp [PATTERN...]

Show discovered LLDP (Link Layer Discovery Protocol) neighbors. If one or more PATTERNs are specified only neighbors on those interfaces are shown. Otherwise shows discovered neighbors on all interfaces. Note that for this feature to work, LLDP= must be turned on for the specific interface, see for details.

Produces output similar to:

LINK             CHASSIS ID        SYSTEM NAME      CAPS        PORT ID           PORT DESCRIPTION
enp0s25          00:e0:4c:00:00:00 GS1900           ..b........ 2                 Port #2

Capability Flags:
o - Other; p - Repeater;  b - Bridge; w - WLAN Access Point; r - Router;
t - Telephone; d - DOCSIS cable device; a - Station; c - Customer VLAN;
s - Service VLAN, m - Two-port MAC Relay (TPMR)

1 neighbors listed.

Show numerical address labels that can be used for address selection. This is the same information that ip-addrlabel(8) shows. See RFC 3484[1] for a discussion of address labels.

Produces output similar to:

Prefix/Prefixlen                          Label
        ::/0                                  1
    fc00::/7                                  5
    fec0::/10                                11
    2002::/16                                 2
    3ffe::/16                                12
 2001:10::/28                                 7
    2001::/32                                 6
::ffff:                             4
        ::/96                                 3
       ::1/128                                0

Deletes virtual netdevs. Takes interface name or index number.


Renew dynamic configurations e.g. addresses received from DHCP server. Takes interface name or index number.


Reconfigure network interfaces. Takes interface name or index number.


Reload .netdev and .network files. If a new .netdev file is found, then the corresponding netdev is created. Note that even if an existing .netdev is modified or removed, systemd-networkd does not update or remove the netdev. If a new, modified or removed .network file is found, then all interfaces which match the file are reconfigured.


The following options are understood:

-a --all

Show all links with status.

-s --stats

Show link statistics with status.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.


Print a short version string and exit.


Do not print the legend, i.e. column headers and the footer with hints.


Do not pipe output into a pager.

Exit Status

On success, 0 is returned, a non-zero failure code otherwise.

See Also

systemd-networkd.service(8),, systemd.netdev(5), ip(8)



RFC 3484

Referenced By

systemd.directives(7), systemd.index(7),, systemd-networkd-wait-online.service(8).

systemd 244