realpath — print the resolved path

Examples (TL;DR)


realpath [OPTION]... FILE...


Print the resolved absolute file name; all but the last component must exist

-e, --canonicalize-existing

all components of the path must exist

-m, --canonicalize-missing

no path components need exist or be a directory

-L, --logical

resolve '..' components before symlinks

-P, --physical

resolve symlinks as encountered (default)

-q, --quiet

suppress most error messages


print the resolved path relative to DIR


print absolute paths unless paths below DIR

-s, --strip, --no-symlinks

don't expand symlinks

-z, --zero

end each output line with NUL, not newline


display this help and exit


output version information and exit


Written by Padraig Brady.

Reporting Bugs

GNU coreutils online help: <>
Report any translation bugs to <>

See Also

readlink(1), readlink(2), realpath(3)

Full documentation <>
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) realpath invocation'

Referenced By

mksh(1), readlink(1), realpath(3).

October 2019 GNU coreutils 8.31