libpfm_intel_slm — support for Intel Silvermont core PMU


#include <perfmon/pfmlib.h>

PMU name: slm
PMU desc: Intel Silvermont


The library supports the Intel Silvermont core PMU.


The following modifiers are supported on Intel Silvermont processors:


Measure at user level which includes privilege levels 1, 2, 3. This corresponds to PFM_PLM3. This is a boolean modifier.


Measure at kernel level which includes privilege level 0. This corresponds to PFM_PLM0. This is a boolean modifier.


Invert the meaning of the event. The counter will now count cycles in which the event is not occurring. This is a boolean modifier


Enable edge detection, i.e., count only when there is a state transition from no occurrence of the event to at least one occurrence. This modifier must be combined with a counter mask modifier (m) with a value greater or equal to one. This is a boolean modifier.


Set the counter mask value. The mask acts as a threshold. The counter will count the number of cycles in which the number of occurrences of the event is greater or equal to the threshold. This is an integer modifier with values in the range [0:255].


Intel Silvermont provides two offcore_response events: OFFCORE_RESPONSE_0 and OFFCORE_RESPONSE_1.

Those events need special treatment in the performance monitoring infrastructure because each event uses an extra register to store some settings. Thus, in case multiple offcore_response events are monitored simultaneously, the kernel needs to manage the sharing of that extra register.

The offcore_response events are exposed as a normal event by the library. The extra settings are exposed as regular umasks. The library takes care of encoding the events according to the underlying kernel interface.

On Intel Silvermont, the umasks are divided into three categories: request, supplier and snoop. The user must provide at least one umask for each category. The categories are shown in the umask descriptions. The library provides a default umask per category if not provided by the user.

There is also the special response umask called ANY_RESPONSE. When this umask is used then it overrides any supplier and snoop umasks. In other words, users can specify either ANY_RESPONSE OR any combinations of supplier + snoops.

In case no supplier or snoop is specified, the library defaults to using ANY_RESPONSE.

For instance, the following are valid event selections:




But the following are illegal:




Stephane Eranian <>


November, 2013 Linux Programmer's Manual