systemd.scope — Scope unit configuration




Scope units are not configured via unit configuration files, but are only created programmatically using the bus interfaces of systemd. They are named similar to filenames. A unit whose name ends in ".scope" refers to a scope unit. Scopes units manage a set of system processes. Unlike service units, scope units manage externally created processes, and do not fork off processes on its own.

The main purpose of scope units is grouping worker processes of a system service for organization and for managing resources.

systemd-run --scope may be used to easily launch a command in a new scope unit from the command line.

See the New Control Group Interfaces[1] for an introduction on how to make use of scope units from programs.

Automatic Dependencies

Implicit Dependencies

Implicit dependencies may be added as result of resource control parameters as documented in systemd.resource-control(5).

Default Dependencies

The following dependencies are added unless DefaultDependencies=no is set:

  • Scope units will automatically have dependencies of type Conflicts= and Before= on These ensure that scope units are removed prior to system shutdown. Only scope units involved with early boot or late system shutdown should disable DefaultDependencies= option.


Scope files may include a "[Scope]" section, which carries information about the scope and the units it contains. A number of options that may be used in this section are shared with other unit types. These options are documented in systemd.kill(5) and systemd.resource-control(5). The options specific to the "[Scope]" section of scope units are the following:


Configures a maximum time for the scope to run. If this is used and the scope has been active for longer than the specified time it is terminated and put into a failure state. Pass "infinity" (the default) to configure no runtime limit.

See Also

systemd(1), systemd-run(1), systemd.unit(5), systemd.resource-control(5), systemd.service(5), systemd.directives(7).



New Control Group Interfaces

Referenced By

logind.conf(5), pam_systemd(8), systemd(1), systemd.directives(7), systemd.index(7), systemd.kill(5), systemd.resource-control(5), systemd-run(1), systemd.slice(5), systemd.syntax(7), systemd.unit(5), user@.service(5).

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