closedir — close a directory


#include <sys/types.h>

#include <dirent.h>

int closedir(DIR *dirp);


The closedir() function closes the directory stream associated with dirp. A successful call to closedir() also closes the underlying file descriptor associated with dirp. The directory stream descriptor dirp is not available after this call.

Return Value

The closedir() function returns 0 on success. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.



Invalid directory stream descriptor dirp.


For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value
closedir() Thread safety MT-Safe

Conforming to

POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SVr4, 4.3BSD.

See Also

close(2), opendir(3), readdir(3), rewinddir(3), scandir(3), seekdir(3), telldir(3)


This page is part of release 5.04 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at

Referenced By

dirfd(3), fanotify_mark(2), opendir(3), readdir(3), rewinddir(3), scandir(3), seekdir(3), telldir(3).

2015-08-08 Linux Programmer's Manual